What Is Equality Before Law And Equal Protection Of Law?

What is due process example?

For example, a state might fire someone from a government job, send defendant to prison, revoke a prisoner’s parole, or cut someone’s social security payments or other welfare benefits.

Due process does not prohibit these actions, but it does require that certain procedures be followed before any action is taken..

What do you mean by equal protection of laws?

A phrase in the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution requiring that states guarantee the same rights, privileges, and protections to all citizens.

Is law equal to all?

“Yes!” says the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. “Yes!” says the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.

What are the two exceptions to the right to equality?

There are two such exceptions mentioned in the constitution: Right against social discrimination: The constitution strictly forbids the practice of untouchability in any form. Such practice denies the socially weaker section of the society an interaction with others or access to public places as equal citizens.

How equal protection of the law is being applied?

Equal protection is extended when the rules of law are applied equally in all like cases and when persons are exempt from obligations greater than those imposed upon others in like circumstances.

What is the Article 18?

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Does the law treat everyone equally?

All people have the right to be treated equally. This means that laws, policies and programs should not be discriminatory, and also that public authorities should not apply or enforce laws, policies and programs in a discriminatory or arbitrary manner.

Why equality before law is a negative concept?

Equality before the law is a somewhat negative concept in the sense that it denies the State to discriminate between individuals, on arbitrary basis. It implies the absence of any special privilege due to birth, creed or the like, in favour of any individual and the equal subjection of all classes to the ordinary law.

What 3 things did the 14th amendment do?

The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former slaves—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.” One of three amendments passed during the Reconstruction era to abolish slavery and establish …

Why is equality before the law important?

Equality before the law is that an individual, regardless of their status in society, can challenge a law which is unconstitutional or otherwise invalid under Australian law to the highest court in the land. Equality before the law includes being able to challenge the decision of a government agency on equal footing.

What is an example of equal protection?

Basics of the Equal Protection Clause For instance, states may require people to pass a vision as a condition of receiving a driver’s license. However, states cannot deny a person a driver’s license because of their race, gender, or other minority considerations.

What are some examples of equal rights?

They’re guarantees of equal social opportunities and protection under the law, regardless of race, religion, or other characteristics. Examples are the rights to vote, to a fair trial, to government services, and to a public education.

What does Constitution say about equality?

What does the Constitution of India say about equality? The Indian Constitution has granted the right to equality to all citizens. All are equal before the law and there can be no discrimination on the basis of religion, race, caste, gender, place of birth, etc.

What is equal protection of law in Indian Constitution?

Article 14 of the constitution states that: “The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.” This means that every person, who lives within territory of India, has the equal right before the law. That equals will be treated equally.

What does equality before law mean?

“Equality before law” means that among equals the law should be equal and should be equally administered, that like should be treated alike.

What are the rights of equality?

Right to equality is one of the six fundamental rights in the Indian constitution. It includes equality before law, prohibition of discrimination on grounds of race, religion, gender, and caste or birth place. It also includes equality of opportunity in matters of employment, abolition of untouchability and titles.

What are the exceptions to right to equality?

Exceptions to the right to equality are:According to the right to equality, the state should make special provisions for women and children, people of scheduled castes and tribes.According to the right to equality, the state cannot discriminate against any citizen in the matter of employment.