What does addiction mean?
Addiction is a complex condition, a brain disease that is manifested by compulsive substance use despite harmful consequence.
People with addiction (severe substance use disorder) have an intense focus on using a certain substance(s), such as alcohol or drugs, to the point that it takes over their life..
What are the theories of addiction?
There are a variety of psychological approaches to the explanation of drug dependence, including emphasis on learning and conditioning (behavioural models), cognitive theories, pre-existing behavioural tendencies (personality theories), and models of rational choice.
What is the medical model of addiction?
The medical model of addiction recognizes that once the crisis that brought a person to the ED for help has passed, the client is still living with a drug and alcohol addiction. The drug use — and alcohol is considered to be a drug — is a symptom of brain disease.
What is the learning model of addiction?
Applied to addictions, the social learning model suggests that drug and alcohol use are learned behaviors and that such behaviors persist because of differential reinforcement from other individuals, from the environment, from thoughts and feelings, and from the direct consequences of drug or alcohol use.
What is the biopsychosocial model of addiction?
The biopsychosocial model of addiction states that genetic/ biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors contribute to substance consumption and should be taken into account for its prevention and treatment (Becoña, 2002; Skewes & González, 2013).
What are the three models of addiction?
Models of drug useMoral model. During the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries addiction was viewed as a sin. … Disease model. The disease model assumes that the origins of addiction lie within the individual him/herself. … Psycho-dynamic model. … Social learning model. … Socio-cultural model. … Public health model.