Quick Answer: What Are The 8 Rules For Commas?

Where do commas and periods go?

Periods and commas go inside quotation marks, even if they aren’t part of the material being quoted.

All other punctuation marks go outside the quotation marks, unless they are part of the material being quoted.

“Any further delay,” she said, “would result in a lawsuit.”.

What is the difference between comma splice and run on sentence?

A run-on sentence is made up of two or more independent clauses that are not joined correctly or which should be made into separate sentences. A run-on sentence is defined by its grammatical structure, not its length. … A comma splice is the incorrect use of a comma to join two independent clauses.

What are the 13 comma rules?

13 Rules For Using Commas Without Looking Like An IdiotUse a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses. … Use a comma after a dependent clause that starts a sentence. … Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. … Use commas to separate items in a series.More items…•

Where do you put commas in a list?

When making a list, commas are the most common way to separate one list item from the next. The final two items in the list are usually separated by “and” or “or”, which should be preceeded by a comma. Amongst editors this final comma in a list is known as the “Oxford Comma”.

Is I’m a full sentence?

The contraction “I’m” is idiomatic and is never used on its own; however, “I am” can be used alone as an utterance within the correct context, such as in response to a question, but not in its contracted form. I’m is not a complete sentence. A complete sentence has a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought.

How do you join two sentences together?

You have four options for combining two complete sentences:comma and a conjunction (“and,” “but,” “or,” “for,” or “yet”)semicolon and a transitional adverb, like “therefore,” “moreover,” or “thus”semicolon (;)colon (:)

How many commas should be in a sentence?

Most people have no clue there are eight comma rules. There really are only eight! And no, one does not involve putting a comma in when you naturally pause. Maybe if you are transcribing speech… but even then there’s a 99.9% chance that’s incorrect placing.

Is a comma splice wrong?

It is incorrect to join two independent clauses with a comma. This error is called a comma splice. For example: I went to the mall, Jane was there.

Is the Oxford comma optional?

“The so-called ‘Oxford comma’ is an optional comma that follows the penultimate item in a list of three or more items and precedes the word ‘and’ … The general rule is that it should be used consistently or not at all …

Is OK or OK?

Okay and OK are two acceptable spellings of the same word. In formal writing, follow the requirements of your style guide. You have the answers to the questions. There’s no difference between OK and okay.

Do commas go inside quotation marks for titles?

In all cases of usage involving quotation marks (again, American usage, not British), commas and periods always go inside the quotation marks while semicolons and colons always go outside. Here is an example using a list of titles: … Notice that the commas separating the titles are inside the quotation marks.

Is okay a full sentence?

In English, yes, no and okay are common pro-sentences. … Pro-sentences are sometimes seen as grammatical interjections, since they are capable of very limited syntactical relations.

How do you master a comma?

Now let’s use the secret trick with your commasUse a comma between two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction such as and, or, nor, for, so, yet, and but. … Don’t use a comma when an independent clause is joined to a dependent clause—the clue is a subordinating conjunction such as because.More items…

Do two complete sentences need a comma?

Use a comma between two complete sentences joined with a coordinating conjunction. There are 7 coordinating conjunctions: and, but, or, nor, yet, so, for. … Correct—[Complete sentence],[coordinating conjunction] [complete sentence].

Why do we use commas in a list?

Commas are used to separate list items.

What are the rules of a comma?

Comma UseUse commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. … Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.More items…

Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before and?

1. Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses.

How do you use a comma for dummies?

Rule: In a compound sentence, use a comma before a coordinating conjunction to separate two complete sentences. Coordinating conjunctions: Just remember the word “FANBOYS” and you will be able to remember every coordinating conjunction.

What are commas examples?

Use a comma to separate contrasting parts of a sentence. Example: That is my money, not yours. Rule 16a. Use a comma before and after certain introductory words or terms, such as namely, that is, i.e., e.g., and for instance, when they are followed by a series of items.

Is Nevermind rude?

Never mind isn’t rude on its own, but you do want to be sure you are using the right tone of voice when you say it. If you say “never mind” rudely, then it’s obviously going to come across badly. There are so many different ways that you could use “never mind” in a situation.

How is OK written?

It’s very simple: you have two choices if you want to say something is okay. You can spell out the word in full (okay), or you can use capital letters (OK). What’s unacceptable is to write ‘ok’ in lower case. The main reason for this is pronunciation.

Is OK rude?

More words in general sound more polite Gretchen McCulloch, an internet linguist and author of the upcoming book Because Internet, said OK is not inherently rude but the length of a reply matters. “Anything that’s shorter can sound curter, anything that’s longer can sound more polite,” McCulloch said.

What is OK short for?

Roger Thomas is correct in that OK is short for oll korrect, but it is not of military origin. It started as a comical abbreviation during a fad in New England in the 1830s. Others were OW (oll wright), KY (know yuse, or no use), and NS (’nuff said).

Do you need a comma after okay?

When okay is a throwaway similar to you know and like, surround it with commas.

How do you identify a comma splice?

When you join two independent clauses with a comma and no conjunction, it’s called a comma splice. Some people consider this a type of run-on sentence, while other people think of it as a punctuation error. Here’s an example of a comma splice: Koala bears are not actually bears, they are marsupials.

Should I put a comma before the last item in a list?

Writers frequently wonder whether a comma should go before the conjunction and in a list of three or more items. Despite the fact that not all style books agree on this issue, we recommend using a comma after the next-to-last item in a series—the serial comma, as it is called (or the Harvard or Oxford comma).

How do you avoid a comma splice?

Combining Clauses to Avoid Comma Splices, Run-ons, and FragmentsOPTION 1:Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction.OPTION 2: Use a semicolon.OPTION 3: Use a semicolon, transition word, and comma.OPTION 1: Use a subordinating conjunction after the independent clause.More items…

What is the shortest sentence ever?

“I am” is the shortest complete sentence in the English language. It does not have both a subject and a predicate, but it is a sentence because it expresses a complete thought, and it is grammatically correct.

How many commas do you need for 3 words?

Use commas to separate three or more items in a series. Lists of three or more words, phrases, and clauses require commas between each item.

Does a comma go between happy birthday and the name?

Because you’re addressing a person directly, there should be a comma between the greeting and the person’s name. Correct: Happy Birthday, Mary! … Even if your wishes are less than festive, you still want your comma use to be on point.